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Pantheon

Witness the beauty of one of the best preserved Roman buildings. The structure was rebuilt in the 2nd century by the emperor Hadrian.

Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma, Italy

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More information about Pantheon

Without having lost any of its charm, this building’s age is immediately apparent. Located at Piazza del Rotonda, which has a fountain in the center, the Pantheon’s history dates back to times before Christ and is dedicated to all Roman gods. The idea of building such a temple came from Marcus Agrippa, a Roman consul, in 27 BC. However, the original temple was then rebuilt by Hadrian in 126 AD. It suffered fire damage on several occasions and has undergone many restorations. Since the 7th century, the building no longer served as a temple to Roman gods, but as a Christian church. During the Renaissance, it became a tomb where many important people were buried, such as the painter Raphael and Italian kings Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto I.

When you look at the Pantheon from the front, its dominant features are the enormous Corinthian columns brought over from Egypt. Each of them weighs 60 tons (54,431 kg) Above them is Latin text which translates as “Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, made this building when consul for the third time”. Behind the columns, there is a rectangular vestibule and when you finally enter through the large bronze door—weighing 20 tons (18,143 kg)—you find yourself standing in a large circular space with a dome above you. The dome is actually the most remarkable part of the Pantheon. Roman architects and engineers were able to design it in such a way that it didn't need any pillars to support it. This cupola is constructed as an exact part of a sphere with a diameter of 142 ft (43.3 m). There is a hole at the top of it, called an oculus. Its aim is not just to bring light into the interior, but also to make the roof lighter. The marble floor is original and the main altar, which depicts Madonna with the child, comes from the 7th century AD.

Although the Pantheon still serves as a church, there is no enforced dress code; however signs at the entrance suggest that you should have your knees and shoulders covered. You can use your cameras inside. Because the Pantheon is a major sight, it tends to get crowded. You should keep your bags close and keep an eye out for pickpockets. The closest Metro stops to the temple are Barberini - Fontana di Trevi and Spagna.

Opening Hours

Mon - Sat: 9 am - 7:30 pm
Sun: 9 am - 6 pm
Midweek holidays: 9 am - 1 pm

Last admission: 15 minutes before closing time

Closed on Jan 1, Dec 25.

Guided tours:
Mon - Fri: 2 pm
Sun: 3 pm

Admission

Free entrance to the Pantheon.

Guided tours:
Adults: €10
Children (7 - 18): €5
Children (0 - 6): free

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Attractions near to Pantheon

  • Trevi Fountain

    A stunning, elaborate Baroque gem of a fountain. This famous sight is a must while in the city. Beautiful even at night.

  • Colosseum

    An awe-inspiring sight and a gem. See the largest amphitheater used for gladiatorial contests with your own eyes – it’s a must when in Rome.

  • St. Peter's Square

    After visiting the Basilica di San Pietro in the Vatican City, also pay attention to this square with an Egyptian obelisk in its center.

  • Navona Square

    Take a walk around and see the large square crowned by the Fountain of the Four Rivers, as well as an Egyptian obelisk and other monuments.

  • St Peter’s Basilica

    Visit one of Rome's Renaissance masterpieces. This magnificent basilica is decorated by masters such as Michelangelo and Carlo Maderno.

  • Spanish Square & Spanish Steps

    A monumental square with beautiful sights scattered around. The famous Spanish Steps are a must, as well as the fountain and the French church.

  • Roman Forum

    From triumphal arches to the houses of Emperors, the Roman Forum and Palatine Hill contain the remains of the heart of the Roman world.

  • Castle of the Holy Angel

    An edifice built by the emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century served in the past as a castle and a prison. Nowadays it serves as a museum.

  • Palatine Hill

    Explore one of the Seven Hills of Rome. Being a mythological place, quite a many archaeological finds were uncovered here.

  • People's Square

    A Neoclassical square with very rich history, lined by Baroque churches. Notice the Egyptian obelisk right in the middle.

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