Tyrol is a historical region in the Alps; in Northern Italy and western Austria. The area was to Habsburg times the former County of Tyrol. The Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye in 1919 divided the area into two parts:
State of Tyrol; formed by North and East Tyrol, it belongs to the Republic of Austria
Region of Trentino-South Tyrol; at that time still with Souramont and the municipalities Valvestino, Magasa and Pedemonte, belonged to the Kingdom of Italy, since 1946 the Italian Republic.With the founding of the European region Tyrol-South Tyrol-Trentino the area has its own legal entity since 2011 in the form of a European Grouping for Territorial Cooperation.