The One Street Museum is a museum on Andriyivskyy Descent in Kiev, Ukraine. It houses many of the historic items of the descent, containing more than 7000 exhibits. They include information about the Saint Andrew's Church, the castle of Richard Lionheart, and the many other buildings of the Descent. The museum hosts historical documents, manuscripts, autographs, antique postcards, photos, and a great number of objects of the antique interior.
Also, the museum has a collection of various works by Ukrainian philologist P. Zhitetsky, Arabist and professor of the Kiev University T. Kezma, journalist and public figure A. Savenko, and Ukrainian writer G. Tyutyunnyk, who all lived in the house at number 34 during the twentieth century. Another part of the museum collection is the memorabilia of professors of Kiev Theological Academy A. Bulgakov, S. Golubev, P. Kudryavtsev, F. Titov, A. Glagolev; doctors Th. Janovsky and D. Popov, and other prominent local figures.