Novi Sad is the second largest city in Serbia, the capital of the autonomous province of Vojvodina and the administrative centre of the South Bačka District. It is located in the southern portion of the Pannonian Plain on the border of the Bačka and Srem geographical regions. Lying on the banks of the Danube river, the city faces the northern slopes of Fruška Gora.
According to the 2011 census, Novi Sad proper has a population of 250,439, while the entire urban area of Novi Sad comprises 277,522 inhabitants. The population of the administrative area of the city, which includes its suburbs, totals 341,625 people.Novi Sad was founded in 1694 when Serb merchants formed a colony across the Danube from the Petrovaradin fortress, a strategic Habsburg military post.