The Algerian War, also known as the Algerian War of Independence or the Algerian Revolution was fought between France and the Algerian National Liberation Front from 1954 to 1962, which led to Algeria gaining its independence from France. An important decolonization war, it was a complex conflict characterized by guerrilla warfare, maquis fighting, and the use of torture. The conflict also became a civil war between the different communities and within the communities. The war took place mainly on the territory of Algeria, with repercussions in metropolitan France.
Effectively started by members of the National Liberation Front on November 1, 1954, during the Toussaint Rouge, the conflict led to serious political crises in France, causing the fall of the Fourth French Republic replaced by the Fifth Republic with a strengthened Presidency.
Address RN31, Algeria
Coordinates 35°9'16.565" N 6°14'42.089" E