The Sukhumi Botanical Garden is one of the oldest botanical gardens in the Caucasus. It was founded in 1840 as Sukhum-Kale Military-Botanical Garden by the head of the Russian Black Sea fortification line N. N. Rayevsky with the purpose of the introduction of new plants in the region. It was ravaged by Turkish forces in 1853–55 and 1877–78 in the course of the Russo-Turkish wars. The garden was transferred to civil authorities in 1889 and the restoration of the plantings was begun in 1894.It continued to develop during the Soviet rule and it was finally transformed into the research institute of botany of the Academy of Sciences. More than 4,500 species were collected in the garden, including 1,200 tropical ones.
The garden suffered greatly during the Georgian-Abkhazian War.
Coordinates 43°0'22.112" N 41°1'23.508" E