Also known as Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress, the complex was formerly used as a prison. Many notable figures were sent here, such as Sir Walter Raleigh with his wife Elizabeth Throckmorton and even Elizabeth I before she became a queen. It is now a famous tourist attraction and home to the Crown Jewels.
Come see the modern replica of the theater where some of Shakespeare's plays were staged for the first time. The original theater was built in 1599 by the Lord Chamberlain's Men, Shakespeare's playing company. Book your tickets ahead! Take the guided tour to learn more about Shakespeare and the building.
A phenomenally successful modern and contemporary art gallery housed in a former power station, one of the largest art galleries in the world. Well worth a visit! If you are carrying any bags, briefcases or umbrellas, you may need to leave them at the cloakroom. Large bags and suitcases must be left there, too. There is a café and a restaurant in the gallery, where you can refresh yourself. You can also find three shops selling books, gifts and more.
An enormous white cathedral and London's highest point serves as the seat of the Bishop of London. The current church was built by Sir Christopher Wren, one of the most famous English architects, after the Great Fire of London. Do not miss this famous sight with its elaborate interiors and crypts.
This former fruit and vegetables market has turned into a popular shopping district where tourists swarm in crowds. You will find almost here everything - jewellery, clothes, sweets or arts and crafts. Enjoy the special atmosphere of the place packed with more than twenty restaurants and bars. The outdoor Farmers' Market takes place on the square from May to December.
The gallery holds a collection of over 2,600 pieces - no wonder it is one of the most visited galerries in the world. It displays classic art including paintings by El Greco, Jan van Eyck, Rembrandt, Michelangelo, and many more famous artists. It's really huge and the entry is free, so art lovers should allow themselves plenty of time for their visit.
Designed by John Nash in 1830, Trafalgar Square is the largest square in London. With all the cultural events taking place here, including demonstrations and New Year's Eve celebrations, it is often considered the heart of the city. Nelson's Column stands in the center of the square with four lion statues around. It was built in 1848 to commemorate Admiral Nelson.
The grand arch is a monument to Queen Victoria and will be transformed into a luxurious hotel. It becomes an important place during various ceremonies. When there is a royal ceremony such as wedding, funeral or coronation, the procession passes under the arch. Maybe you'll see one if you are lucky enough!
The most famous bell in Europe, perhaps even the world, Big Ben is one of the iconic landmarks of London. The tower is the third largest bell tower in the world and is over 150 years old. It was recently renamed Elizabeth Tower as a tribute to Queen Elizabeth's 60 years’ of reign. Part of Westminster Palace, it was designed in the Neo-Gothic style. There is no elevator, but 334 steps lead to the top; however tours are only available to British nationals who organize a trip through their Member of Parliament. The skyline in this part of London is spectacular, so taking pictures of Big Ben with the London Eye in the background is very popular.
The elaborate Palace of Westminster is home to both houses of the Parliament of the UK - the House of Commons and House of Lords. It is an outstanding example of Neo-Gothic architecture dating back to 1097, when the oldest part of the complex, Westminster Hall, was built. Come see the centre of political life in London!
First monks lived here back in the 10th century. Henry III had the abbey rebuilt in 1245 when he chose it as his burial site, and managed to turn it into one of the most important Gothic buildings in the country. Many other notable figures are buried here and royal artifacts are on display in the museum. Nowadays it is a setting for weddings and other royal ceremonies. Also, Westminster Abbey has been used for coronations since 1066.
This majestic palace is the official residence of British monarchs and is usually recognized as a symbol of UK's monarchy. Originally built as a townhouse, Buckingham Palace was turned into a private residence for Queen Charlotte in 1761. The palace was reconstructed and enlarged during the 19th century and it has been used as a residence of the British monarch since Victoria's reign. It now serves as an exquisite example of Neoclassical architecture. On selected days, you can visit some of the state rooms and Queen's Gallery. Do not miss the Changing the Guard ceremony! Be sure to arrive early to see well.