Scarborough Shoal, also known as Huangyan Dao Bajo de Masinloc, Panatag Shoal, Huangyan Dao, and Democracy Reef are two rocks in a shoal located between the Macclesfield Bank and Luzon island in the South China Sea. The nearest land mass from it is Luzon, the largest island in the Philippines.
It is a disputed territory claimed by the Republic of the Philippines through the 1734 Velarde map, while the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China claim it through the internationally invalidated nine-dash line. The shoal's status is often discussed in conjunction with other territorial disputes in the South China Sea such as those involving the Spratly Islands, and the 2012 Scarborough Shoal standoff.
Coordinates 15°9'43.924" N 117°46'10.023" E