This stupendous 73 m long and 45 m high limestone statue seems to watch over the pyramids of Giza. It is the largest and the oldest colossal statue in the world and it is considered to be the symbol of Egypt - it often appears on stamps and coins. The origin of the monument is entangled with mystery - some archaeologists say that it was constructed in the 4th Dynasty by Pharaoh Khafre (whose face it should also represent), but some believe it was built much earlier.
Khufu is the oldest pyramid in Giza and certainly the most impressive one, no coincidence that it is reffered to as the Great Pyramid. It also is the last of Seven Wonders of the Ancient World that has survived. There are many theories about the provenance of Giza's pyramids, some of them suggesting that they were built by slaves, others claiming that these monuments were created by skilled workmen.
Khan el-Khalili is a busy bazaar that will dazzle you with its traditional atmosphere, this is simply the place to go if you want to experience the real Cairo. Being a major attraction for both tourists and Egyptians, the market sells everything from souvenirs, jewelry, parfumes and spices. It is also home to a number of small coffeehouses, offering both coffee and shisha.
This history museum showcases a tremendous collection of pharaonic antiquities including mummies and other items found in tombs. Housed in a splendid Neoclassical building, the museum's highlights include Gold Mask of Tutankhamun dating back to 1323 BC and also death masks of other pharaohs. Be sure to marvel at some of the beautifully decorated sarcophagi.
Seemingly higher than Khufu, this pyramid is easily recognisable by its limestone cap. Construction of this monumental sight was comissioned approximately in 2500 BC, by an Egyptian king Khafra, hence the name. The burial chambers, which feature the pharaoh's tomb, are open to public. Taking photographs is prohibited inside the pyramids.
Salah El Din Citadel was completed in 1183 and throughout its history, this fortification not only protected the city but it also served as the seat of kings and the government of Egypt. Even if only for its astonishing views, this majestic fortress is well worth visiting. It is also home to several museums and mosques.
Menkaure is known as the smallest pyramid in Giza and is built from white limestone and red granite. It is easily recognizable for the traces of dismantling attempts on its north side. These attempts were initiated by Saladin's son and lasted for more than eight months. Luckily, the pyramid endured easily.
Located roughly 19 km from the city of Cairo, this area is full of remains of what once used to be the capital of the Old Kingdom and a chief cult city of Ptah. Explore its numerous tombs, monuments and temples, and be sure not to miss its highlight - Great Temple of Ptah.
Built roughly 1400 BC, this large temple complex is now listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Explore its historical courtyards, chapels, and huge statues of Ramesses II. Interestingly, there once stood two magnificent obelisks. While you can still see one of them here, the other one is now a renowned attraction in Paris.
This landmark of Cairo is, with its 187 m, the tallest building in Egypt. Designed by Naoum Chebib and built in 1961, the tower features a revolving restaurant and a terrace at the top, both offering magnificent views of the city. Worth seeing at night as it is beautifully illuminated.
Pyramid of Djoser is believed to be the very first pyramid built in Egypt, dating back to the 27th century BC. This extraordinary stepped pyramid is a centrepiece of Saqqara necropolis and it served as a burial chamber for Pharaoh Djoser. Besides the pyramid, you can also marvel at various historical tombs and monuments located nearby.
Established in 972, Al-Azhar represents the oldest mosque and the oldest operating university in Cairo with more than thousand years of history behind it. While the exterior is notable primarily for its minarets that were added to the building during Mamluk dynasty, the interior is worth visiting for its beautifully decorated marble courtyard.
Al-Azhar Park, located in the very heart of Cairo, is a perfect hideaway from the city's buzz and rush. Its large gardens, beautiful waterways and walkways serve as a peaceful haven for locals and tourists alike. Be sure to stop by in one of many top-notch cafés and restaurants in this park.
The Valley of the Kings, the Valley of the Gates of the Kings, is a valley in Egypt where, for a period of nearly 500 years from the 16th to 11th century BC, tombs were constructed for the Pharaohs and powerful nobles of the New Kingdom. The valley stands on the west bank of the Nile, opposite Thebes, within the heart of the Theban Necropolis. The wadi consists of two valleys, East Valley and West Valley. With the 2005 discovery of a new chamber, and the 2008 discovery of two further tomb entrances, the valley is known to contain 63 tombs and chambers. It was the principal burial place of the major royal figures of the Egyptian New Kingdom, as well as a number of privileged nobles.
The Bibliotheca Alexandrina is a major library and cultural center located on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea in the Egyptian city of Alexandria. It is both a commemoration of the Library of Alexandria that was lost in antiquity, and an attempt to rekindle something of the brilliance that this earlier center of study and erudition represented.
Cairo International Airport is, with its 4 terminals, the busiest airport in Egypt. Located roughly 15 kilometres from the city, there are various ways how to access it. The most comfortable way how to reach the city is using a limousine service with stops located in front of each terminal. The price differs according to your destination and the car you choose. Another way how to leave the airport is taking a shuttle bus that will get you directly to destinations such as Downtown Cairo, Giza or Haram. Pre-booking is advisable and buses depart every 30 minutes. Free WiFi is available.